Conservation Watch’s news round-up: November 2018

Conservation Watch’s round-up of the month’s news on protected areas and conservation in the Global South.

For regular updates, follow @conserwatch on Twitter.

The news links are grouped under the following sub-headings:

Human rights

Peru cracks down after environmental defenders’ murders
By Matthew Weaver and Rajmonda Rexhi, Mongabay, 9 November 2018
Authorities in Peru late last month arrested a dozen alleged members of the notorious El Gran Chaparral criminal syndicate. The members were arrested on the charges of murder, land grabbing, and arson from setting forest fires in the Chaparrí Ecological Reserve. Chaparrí is the first recognized private nature reserve in Peru.

Tanzania: VP Warns Pastoralists Over Protected Areas
By Edward Qorro, Tanzania Daily News, 18 November 2018
The government has issued a strong warning against pastoralists who graze their cattle within or near protected areas, insisting that they will not be spared.
Vice-President Samia Suluhu Hassan also warned, yesterday, that those carrying out human related activities within national parks will be squarely dealt with.

Protected areas

The Congo Creates Its Fifth National Park, Protecting Great Apes, Elephants, And More
By Gene Kosowan, The Travel, 15 November 2018
The Republic of Congo may be in the top 40 when it comes to the world’s most dangerous countries in which to live, but at least the animal kingdom in the African nation has another sanctuary. On Wednesday, it officially announced the creation of a fifth national park which will double as a refuge for endangered wildlife that includes forest elephants and great apes.
The government has created Ogooué-Leketi National Park, which covers 1,350 square miles. When joined with Gabon’s Batéké Plateau National Park on a border shared by the two countries, the territory expands to some 2,120 square miles, an immense space for its natural species to roam in.

Amazon indigenous groups propose Mexico-sized ‘corridor of life’
By Jonathan Watts, The Guardian, 21 November 2018
Indigenous groups in the Amazon have proposed the creation of the world’s biggest protected area, a 200m-hectare sanctuary for people, wildlife and climate stability that would stretch across borders from the Andes to the Atlantic.
The plan, presented to the UN Conference on Biodiversity in Egypt on Wednesday, puts the alliance of Amazon communities in the middle of one of the world’s most important environmental and political disputes.

12 People Arrested at Corcovado National Park in Costa Rica
By Laura Alvarado, Costa Rica Star, 24 November 2018
A special operation carried out by personnel of the Ministry of Environment (MINAE) through the Units of Control of the Corcovado National Park, the Environmental Operation Group of the National System of Areas of Conservation (GOA) and the Frontier Police, concluded with the arrest of 12 people who were carrying out illegal activities in the Park such as extraction of gold, illegal hunting and invasion.
The 12 people detained belong to organized groups that are dedicated to the extraction of gold, extraction of sea turtle eggs and illegal hunting of mammals and birds within the National Park; the detentions took place near the Sirena River, in the basin of Pavo River and La Llorona sector.

Malawi investigates deaths of at least 22 hippos at national park – reports
News24, 27 November 2018
At least 22 hippos have died in Malawi in two months, raising fears that the wild animals could become extinct in the southern African country, according to a report.
Malawi24 quoted wildlife authorities as saying that they noticed carcasses of hippos floating on Shire River in Liwonde early last month.

Ranger, 2 civilians killed in DRC national park
AFP, 29 November 2018
A ranger and two civilians were shot dead during a confrontation in Virunga national park in restive eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, the park authority and local sources said on Thursday.
The incident took place early on Wednesday, with the Congolese Institute for Nature Conservation (ICCN) saying one of its rangers had been shot dead by armed militants, who have long been active in restive North Kivu province.

Communities and conservation

Community Voices: local perspectives on international responses to illegal wildlife trade
IIED, November 2018
The London Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) took place on 11 and 12 October 2018. It was the fourth in a series of high-level conferences seeking to increase international commitments to tackling the IWT.
Despite formal commitments to recognise the important role of the indigenous peoples and local communities who live side-by-side wildlife in reducing IWT, the emphasis to date remains strongly on strengthening government or private sector-led law enforcement.

Pastoralism under pressure in northern Kenya
By Ian Scoones, Pastres, 2 November 2018
Pastoralists in Isiolo county in northern Kenya feel under siege, with their way of life under threat. Isiolo has been the home of the Waso Boran pastoralists for many decades, but attacks from neighbouring Somali herders, encroachments by agriculturalists from Meru, expansion of conservancies and planned road, pipeline and resort city mega-projects are affecting all pastoral livelihoods, creating many new risks and uncertainties. One elder warned us: “We were the majority in our area, but now we are becoming a minority. This means conflict is coming”.

Displaced villagers in Myanmar at odds with UK charity over land conservation
By Joshua Carroll, The Guardian, 2 November 2018
A British conservation charity has become embroiled in a row with villagers displaced by civil war in Myanmar over plans to protect pristine forests housing wild Asian elephants, tigers and sun bears.
Fauna and Flora International (FFI) is helping to finance the $21m (£15.8m) ridge to reef project, which is led by the UN’s development programme and aims to protect up to 800,000 acres of the country’s south-eastern Tanintharyi region from threats like poachers, loggers and palm oil companies.

African Community and Conservation Foundation Launches November 2018
African Community and Conservation Foundation press release, 5 November 2018
African Community and Conservation Foundation (“ACCF” or the “Foundation”), a new, independent non-profit charitable organization is launching in November 2018 with the overarching goal of fueling sustainable and transformative human impact and conservation in Africa. The Foundation will focus on building funding for the long-term protection of African wilderness areas and support for the surrounding communities.

Indigenous peoples defend Earth’s biodiversity—but they’re in danger
By Gleb Raygorodetsky, National Geographic, 16 November 2018
Pushed forward by a chugging long-tail motor, an old dugout canoe carries us down the languorous Conambo River, a tributary of the Amazon, at the western edge of Ecuador’s Oriente region. We spend the day on the river, sometimes baking in the sun, other times getting drenched by cloudbursts of rain.
We are followed by a screeching pandemonium of scarlet and green-winged macaws, chased by flocks of prattling parakeets, monitored by stealthy guans, and surveyed by the occasional toucan. A harpy eagle swoops above us, looking for its lunch, most likely a woolly or howler monkey that we have heard chattering and whooping in the canopy.

Human and lion conflict in the Serengeti
University of York press release, 26 November 2018
Experts in conservation and environmental change at the University of York comment on the human interactions with the wildlife of the Serengeti, following the story of the Maasai Mara lion pride in the BBC’s Dynasties.
Dr. Colin Beale, savannah ecologist and conservation biologist at the Univeristy of York’s Department of Biology, said: “The latest BBC’s Dynasties episode shows the challenges Charm and Sienna from the Masai Mara’s famous Marsh Pride face as they seek to raise their cubs.

CBD COP14: a breakthrough on understanding and assessing equity in conservation
By Phil Franks, IIED, 27 November 2018
This second week at the UN biodiversity conference (Convention on Biological Diversity COP14) has seen a major decision from the 195 participating countries: the approval of new practical guidance on how to understand and apply the notion of equity/fairness in relation to the conservation of protected and conserved areas.
This guidance is based on a broad-based initiative of conservation policymakers and practitioners and university researchers, that has been led by IIED.

Indigenous protected areas are the next generation of conservation
By Courtney Mason, The Conversation, 29 November 2018
The Horn Plateau, with its myriad of lakes, rivers and wetlands, has been a spiritual home for local Dehcho Dene peoples for millennia. In October, the Dehcho First Nations Assembly designated these lands and waters, called Edéhzhíe (eh-day-shae), as an Indigenous protected area (IPA), designed and managed or co-managed by Indigenous communities.

[India] Human-animal conflict: 89% of dwellers are willing to move out from protected forest areas
By Deepika S, One India, 29 November 2018
The killing of the man-eating tigress of Yavatmal and the subsequent controversy has brought into focus the lack of man-animal conflict management in habitats outside protected areas such as wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. The task of conservation has become even more difficult as most PAs are surrounded by people who are alienated from the aims and need for wildlife conservation. Restrictions on forest use, poorly managed village displacement, conflicts with wildlife, and unclear forest rights fuel resentment among local communities.

Conservation

World’s last wilderness areas may vanish
Business Standard, 1 November 2018
Owing to huge global population and increasing human activities, the world’s remaining wilderness areas — regions where the lands are in their natural state — are rapidly disappearing, with explicit international conservation targets critically needed, new research says.
For the study, researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia mapped intact ocean ecosystems besides charting the remaining terrestrial wilderness, providing the first full global picture of how little wilderness remains today.

Widely misinterpreted report still shows catastrophic animal decline
By Elizabeth Anne Brown, National Geographic, 1 November 2018
The World Wildlife Fund For Nature’s Living Planet Report released this week describes a catastrophic decline in animal populations the world over. But it was widely misinterpreted by many outlets, with headlines wrongly insisting that we’ve lost 60 percent of all animals over the course of 40 years. The reality is more nuanced, though still alarming.
The biannual report examined trends in the global Living Planet Index, a biologist’s “stock market index” for the diversity and abundance of animals worldwide. If the global score is steady or increasing, animals are generally thriving, while a falling score indicates a planet-wide problem.

Can technology help boost conservation efforts in Africa?
CNBC Africa, 2 November 2018
Africa has put in place various mechanisms to tackle poaching, habitat degradation, illegal resource extraction, among other challenges facing conservation. Ned Horning, Scientist and Director of Biodiversity and Informatics at the American Museum of Natural History believe that technology can hugely boost conservation efforts on the continent if leveraged.

The impact of human activity on the world’s wildlife
702, 4 November 2018
The World Wildlife Fund For Nature’s Living Planet releases a report this week describing a catastrophic decline in animal populations the world over.
The biannual report examined trends in the global the Living Planet Index, a biologist’s stock market index for the diversity and abundance of animals worldwide. It underscores the rapidly closing window for action and the urgent need for the global community to rethink and redefine how we value, protect and restore nature.

Africa: A Call to Action for Africa’s Biodiversity Crisis
By Olusegun Obasanjo, allAfrica, 5 November 2018
Former President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo, has called on his fellow African leaders to take action to tackle the current biodiversity crisis facing the continent and do more to protect Africa’s natural resources. This comes in light of the Living Planet Index’s release last week, which showed that species have declined by 60 percent on average. As a continent that relies so heavily on biodiversity for food, water, jobs and cultural heritage the President has urged African policy makers to take action when they meet at the African Biodiversity Summit later this month.

Stanford researchers unveil clues that could lead to more affordable and effective conservation of species
By Rob Jordan, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, 5 November 2018
No one had reported seeing the strange creature – a cross between a bear and a monkey – since before the Great Depression. Then, this past summer, an amateur biologist stumbled upon the presumed-extinct Wondiwoi tree kangaroo while trekking through Papua New Guinea. The revelation underscored how little we still know about the natural world – a major obstacle to conservation.

More experiments may help explore what works in conservation
By Julia P. G. Jones, The Conversation, 5 November 2018
All over the world, countless conservation projects are taking place, attempting to achieve aims from reducing habitat loss, to restoring populations of threatened species. However there is growing awareness that conservationists have not always done a good enough job at evaluating whether the things they do really work.
Efforts that fail to make things better for species and ecosystems waste the limited resources available for conservation, and result in missed opportunities to stem the loss of biodiversity. Given that monitored populations of wildlife species have declined by 60% in the last 50 years, and large scale loss of forest continues, this is bad news. So, research to show whether conservation efforts work really matters. And those doing conservation need easy access to the results of this vital evidence.

Editorial: An unprecedented mass extinction — anyone would think we owned the planet
By Mark Dawson, New Zealand Herald, 5 November 2018
As cataclysmic events go, it’s right up there …
But it’s an “event” that has been going on so long that it has been captured by boiling frog syndrome, and the slow, drip-drip impact doesn’t make much of a ripple.
The world’s animal kingdom shrank by 60 per cent between 1970 and 2014, the World Wildlife Fund’s Living Planet report tells us.
The report was released this week — it made the TV news in New Zealand and a few newspapers.
But it is not a tragic event in the way that an earthquake, a volcanic eruption, or a budget airline plane going down is, so it may not make a lasting mark on the public consciousness.

[Rwanda] Galvanising more action to wildlife conservation
By Fred K. Nkusi, The New Times, 5 November 2018
Last week,while officiating at the opening of the Business of Conservation Conference organised by the African Leadership University (ALU), President Kagame made a wake-up call to business and political leaders across Africa to take action through growing regional integration across the continent to improve their collaboration in efforts to conserve African wildlife.

Connected Conservation : How IoT Saved The Rhinos
By Gyana Ranjan Swain, TeleAnalysis, 8 November 2018
Kruger National Park in South Africa is home to the largest number of rhinos in the world, and at the same breath, the park is also infamous for the maximum number of poaching. Every year more than 1000 rhinos are killed in South Africa which equates three rhinos poached every day. It was estimated that, if this number continues, rhinos would face extinction by 2025. According to the South African Department of Environmental Affairs’ Report 2015, a staggering 1,215 rhinos were killed by poachers in 2014 alone.
Not just rhinos, every year an estimated 27,000 elephants are killed (8% of the African savanna population) in Africa accounting to an elephant being poached every 15 minutes.

Human horde leaves little room for nature
By Tim Radford, Climate News Network, 8 November 2018
Only 23% of the planet’s habitable terrestrial surface now remains as undisturbed wilderness, thanks to the spread of the human horde.
A century ago, as the human population explosion began, 85% of the world was undisturbed living space for all the other species. Yet between 1993 and 2009 – in the years that followed hard on the first global summit to consider the state of the planetary environment – an aggregation of areas of wilderness larger than India was delivered over to human exploitation, scientists warn in the journal Nature.

Prince William at Tusk Conservation Awards: Duke of Cambridge warns environment is at ‘dangerous tipping point’ for the world
By Robert Johnson, Evening Standard, 9 November 2018
Prince William warned of the huge impact humans having on the environment saying we are “ticking towards a tipping point which will become dangerously irreversible”.
Speaking at the 2018 Tusk Conservation Awards in London on Thursday, he mirrored Sir David Attenborough’s speech at the same event two years ago when he “warned that man is losing his own connection with nature”.

The Importance of Evidence in Environmental Conservation
By Anne Littlewood, Duke Research Blog, 12 November 2018
What counts as good evidence?
In medical research, a professional might answer this question as you would expect: evidence can be trusted if it is the result of a randomized, controlled, double-blind experiment, meaning the evidence is only as strong as the experiment design. And in medicine, it’s possible (and important) to procure this kind of strong evidence.
But when it comes to conservation, it’s a whole different story.

WWF aims to deceive with latest report
By Ivo Begter, Daily Maverick, 12 November 2018
The biennial Living Planet Report, published recently by the Worldwide Fund for Nature, once again uses manipulated statistics to scare the bejesus out of people. We’ve lost 60% of the world’s animals, if media reports are to be believed. But it isn’t so, and its own charts expose its chicanery.

National Action Plan for Elephants Adopted in the Republic of Congo
By Emma Silva, Elephant Listening Project, 12 November 2018
We received some exciting news from Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo! The Republic of Congo has adopted a National Action Plan for Elephants (NAPE), which is a ten-year plan for conserving the population of African elephants in the state!³ ELP has been working in the park since the Fall of 2017; researchers have placed 50 recording units to listen for elephant vocalizations and gunshots with the goal of understanding elephant densities and how to focus anti-poaching resources.

Honduras aims to save vital wildlife corridor from deforestation
Mongabay, 13 November 2018
Honduras has committed to protecting part of the tropical rainforests found in the Moskitia region, a move that conservation groups say will protect the region’s rich wildlife, carbon stocks and indigenous groups from recent incursions by ranchers.
“The Moskitia is Central America’s second largest rainforest, one of the last wild places in the region, and contains expansive areas of primary forest,” Chris Jordan, who heads the Central America and Tropical Andes program for the NGO Global Wildlife Conservation, said in a statement. “Putting a stop to deforestation in the Moskitia will change the course of history for Honduras.”

The forest elephants of the Central African Republic are in peril
By Peter Canby, The New Yorker, 14 November 2018
In Africa, there are two kinds of elephants: savanna and forest elephants. The species diverged somewhere between two and six million years ago, with the better-known savanna elephants spreading over the plains and open woodlands of Eastern, Southern, and Western Africa while forest elephants stayed behind in the dense forests at the center of the continent. Although the two occasionally hybridize, they are widely viewed as separate species. Forest elephants are smaller, with smaller and straighter tusks. The size of their tusks, however, has not protected them from rampant poaching, because the tusks have a distinctive hue, sometimes known as “pink ivory,” that has made them particularly valuable.

Republic of Congo names new national park, home to gorillas, elephants
By Shreya Dasgupta, Mongabay, 14 November 2018
The Republic of Congo has officially created its fifth national park, lending protection to great apes, forest elephants and other threatened wildlife.
The new Ogooué-Leketi National Park spans 3,500 square kilometers (1,350 square miles), and borders Batéké Plateau National Park in neighboring Gabon. Together, the two national parks form a transboundary protected area covering more than 5,500 square kilometers (2,120 square miles).

‘Conservation successes’ bring hope for mountain gorilla
By Helen Briggs, BBC News, 14 November 2018
Conservation efforts appear to be paying off for some of the world’s most charismatic animals, according to new assessments for the extinction Red List.
Prospects look better for the mountain gorilla, after years of conservation measures, including anti-poaching and veterinary patrols.
And numbers of two large whales are recovering, following hunting bans.
However, other flora and fauna is declining.

We’re watching a ‘horror story’ in which the casualty is Earth’s wilderness
By Alexandru Micu, ZME Science, 14 November 2018
The first comprehensive fine-scale map of the world’s remaining wild areas reveals that only 23% of the world can now be considered wilderness. The analysis included all terrestrial and marine environments, excluding Antarctica. Every other place on Earth has been directly affected by human activities.

‘No one is helping us’: Venezuelan conservation crippled by crisis
By Nora Ward, Mongabay, 14 November 2018
“To leave my dream was difficult, but I had to do it for my son,” says Ileana Herrera, a former ecologist from Venezuela, now living in Ecuador.
Herrera, like many conservationists, fled the political and economic chaos engulfing Venezuela, a country rich in oil, but which many analysts are increasingly calling a failed state. She was living off a dismal salary — some ecologists made the equivalent of $3 a month in 2016, according to a longtime researcher — and facing a future of growing insecurity.

Mountain Gorilla Population Rises Thanks to Conservation Efforts
By Renae Reints, Fortune, 15 November 2018
The population of Mountain Gorillas has increased from roughly 680 to over 1,000 in the last 10 years, a major improvement for a species that was previously on the brink of extinction, the International Union for Conservation of Nature reported Wednesday.
As a result, Mountain Gorillas are now considered endangered rather than critically endangered, the group said in its latest Red List, which categorizes species based on their risk of extinction.

Google searches reveal public interest in conservation is rising
By Shreya Dasgupta, Mongabay, 15 November 2018
OK, Google: Has the general public lost interest in biodiversity conservation? Has people’s interest in environmental issues been overshadowed by climate change alone?
The answer to both questions, according to Google searches at least, is “No.” Public interest in both conservation and climate change seems to be rising, a new study has found.

The world needs a Paris-style accord for biodiversity
By Fermín Koop, The Third Pole, 16 November 2018
This week representatives from more than 190 countries will gather in Egypt to decide how to better protect biodiversity, currently facing grave threats from human activity.
The UN Biodiversity Conference, also known as the Conference of the Parties (COP14), is held every two years. It oversees the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), an international treaty to achieve a sustainable future.

New Study Brings Hope for Tigers on the Brink
By Alicia Graef, Care2, 16 November 2018
Tigers might be one of the world’s most iconic big cats, but they continue to face a number of threats to their survival in the wild. Now, however, a new study is offering more hope for their recovery.
By 2010, poaching and habitat loss had driven the global population of tigers in the wild down to an estimated all-time low of 3,200 individuals, who occupied just five percent of their historic range. In response to their alarming decline, 13 tiger range countries made an ambitious commitment to double the population by 2022, a goal that became known as Tx2.

Jane Goodall on calling Interpol, the far right and eating your fingernails
By David Vetter, South China Morning Post, 17 November 2018
From a very early age, Jane Goodall dreamed of going to Africa, living with wild animals and writing books. She achieved all that, and considerably more.
As a result of her work with chimpanzees in Tanzania, Goodall, now 84, has written more than 20 books and has been the subject of dozens of documentaries. Along the way, she earned a PhD in animal behaviour from Cambridge and has been made a United Nations Messenger of Peace, as well as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

Prof Luke O’Neill: ‘We are now in the middle of a sixth extinction’
By Una Mullally, The Irish Times, 17 November 2018
The chance of God getting fed up and ending the universe is remote. Life did however almost became extinct on Earth five times. A gamma ray from a distant star 500 million years ago killed off 70 per cent of life. A meteorite 66 million years ago wiped out the dinosaurs. We are now in the middle of a sixth extinction but what makes it so disturbing is that we humans are the cause, killing off our brothers and sisters in DNA at an enormous rate.

Grim times: Don’t expect science to save the planet
By Hannah Hamilton, The Irish Times, 19 November 2018
It has been a depressing month to be a human, and I’m not just talking about the political eutrophication to the east and west of our shores. The World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) published its biennial Living Planet Report. Cynics among us might rename it the Dying Planet Report, such is the grimness of its findings.
Or are the cynics actually realists? After all, the report does have a chapter titled “Aiming higher: What future do we want?”, as if a future in which the collapse of ecosystems doesn’t widen the poverty trap, amplify societal polarisation or give an extra couple of shoves to the already unstable world order is something we have to choose.
Breaking news: it is.

With 15% of terrestrial and 7% of marine areas now protected, world on track to meet conservation targets.
UN environment, 19 November 2018
Around 15% of the world’s terrestrial area is better safeguarded by conservation measures, as well as over 7% of the world’s oceans, ensuring the world is on track to meet important conservation targets, according to the latest Protected Planet Report.
“The continued growth in protected areas around the world is essential for the future of biodiversity,” said Neville Ash, Director of United Nations Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC).

Conservation News to Be Thankful For (Photos)
Wildlife Conservation Society, 21 November2018
It’s the season to give thanks in the U.S. and there was a lot to be grateful for this past year, including new protected areas on land and at sea, new wildlife-friendly laws on the books, and new opportunities to spread the importance of conservation. “As we harness the expertise in our zoos and aquarium with our global conservation program,” said WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) President and CEO Cristián Samper, “we thank our colleagues, partners, and supporters for making this work possible.”

Seeing the forest for more than the trees: Adding conservation into holistic development
By Rhiannon Gulick And Andrew Watson, Phys.org, 21 November 2018
International development donors and practitioners increasingly recognize that good governance, economic growth, health, and human well-being are inextricably linked—multisectoral programming is the order of the day. But conservation efforts too often get short shrift in the multisectoral paradigm, and too often get left out of the picture. Today, as the world reckons with staggering biodiversity loss, that has to change, and it can.
Historically, projects focused explicitly on biodiversity conservation and watershed management have integrated economic and social development activities as part of their approach: promoting the tourism industry around protected areas, for example, provides an economic incentive for local people to preserve natural assets. Well-designed community-based natural resource management efforts can have a positive impact on people’s livelihoods.

Does This Rhino Drone Video Help or Hurt Conservation?
By Allen Marabayashi, PetaPixel, 21 November 2018
22-year-old professional drone racing pilot Johnny Schaer has built a strong social media following on Instagram and YouTube with visually stunning video capture from his custom built drones.
His skill level is piloting the drone is jaw dropping, and his scene visualization and video editing skills are also really advanced as seen in this video taken with permission in Saudi Arabia…

Can our oceans be saved by following the model of national parks?
By Douglas McCauley, World Economic Forum, 22 November 2018
Parks on land host some of the world’s most famous conservation successes. Consider Yellowstone National Park, which was the world’s first national park. Yellowstone created a refuge for the American bison. Killed by the millions in the 19th century, bison were on the verge of extinction. The protected bison population inside Yellowstone slowly grew from several dozen to several thousand.
Today, herds of bison once again roam the park, alongside grey wolves, elk and grizzly bears, much as they once did during prehistoric times. This success story attracts more than four million visitors – equivalent to the population of Los Angeles – every year, generating close to $500 million for the region’s local economy.

Dynasties: Lions may disappear without urgent funding for conservation
By Niki Rust, The Conversation, 22 November 2018
In part three of the BBC’s new nature series Dynasties, the protagonists, Charm and Sienna, show us how hard it is to be a successful lioness in a land filled with enemies.
Under constant threat of marauding hyenas and cub-killing male lions, the two mothers have to fight for their lives to ensure their offspring have a chance of making it to adulthood. But the episode also shows us that the biggest enemy of lions isn’t other wild predators – it’s humans.

Roads versus wildlife in Karnataka’s protected areas
By Rishika Pardikar, Mongabay, 23 November 2018
The Nagarahole-Bandipur-Mudumalai-Wayanad belt and its adjoining areas, in the southern state of Karnataka, is one of the best landscapes for the conservation of tigers, elephants, dholes and other large wildlife in India, according to wildlife conservationist Sanjay Gubbi. “With our vehicular density increasing by 10-12 percent annually we should keep this landscape sacrosanct from new road development and the expansion of existing roads.”

Expert comment: BBC Dynasties series ‘distorted’ view of the issues
By Sandy Fleming, University of Kent, 26 November 2018
Commenting on the BBC’s new flagship wildlife documentary series, Dynasties, conservation expert, the University of Kent’s Professor Keith Somerville says: ‘The problem with most wildlife documentaries now is that they give a narrow or distorted view of issues surrounding wildlife and habitat loss.’
‘The Dynasties series sets out, according to the BBC’s own description to: ”Follow the true stories of five of the world’s most celebrated, yet endangered animals; penguins, chimpanzees, lions, painted wolves and tigers. Each in a heroic struggle against rivals and against the forces of nature, these families fight for their own survival and for the future of their dynasties.”

Regenerative Hubs in Costa Rica
By Joe Brewer, Medium, 26 November 2018
Humanity has already taken the Earth beyond safe operating boundaries. We are in planetary collapse and now must do all that we can to safeguard our collective future as a species while ensuring the survival of as much of the biosphere as we possibly can.
This will require that we walk the path of regeneration. Only by supporting the living systems capable of regulating the entire planet will we secure a future for ourselves in these dangerous and turbulent times.

Petition Campaign Underway To Make West Papua A ‘Conservation Province’
by John Liang, Deeper Blue, 28 November 2018
Three years ago, West Papua, New Guinea’s provincial governor began to lay the foundation for setting up the region to become a “Conservation Province,” or “Provinsi Konservasi.”
With an incredible amount of biodiversity — over 1,800 fish species, an overabundance of different types of hard corals as well as a huge mangrove and rain forest, making the region a “Conservation Province” would go a long way toward ensuring its “long-term environmental health,” according to activists.

Conservation International removes head of Guyana operations
News Room, 28 November 2018
Conservational International (CI) has removed Dr David Singh as Executive Director in Guyana, the leading environment organisation has confirmed.
“David Singh graciously agreed to step aside as Country Director,” Jenny Parker McCloskey, Vice President of Media at Conservational International said in a statement to the News Room.
“Guyana is moving into a new era.
“As the nation faces new and different challenges, our program there requires a different kind of skill set,” McCloskey, added.

WWF aims to create global conservation awareness with new social media app
By Taruka Srivastav, The Drum, 29 November 2018
World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has partnered with Jet8 Foundation to unveil a social media app to raise awareness about global conservation.
The app titled ‘WWF Selfies’ is available to users in Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, and Malaysia. Users will be able to download the app from Google play store and iOS app store and get access to exclusive WWF stickers and frames and the opportunity to earn Jets (in-app currency) for their social influence.

Protected areas are not forever
By Rachel Golden Kroner, Conservation International, 29 November 2018
A new report offers insight into the world’s protected areas — and the challenges they face.
Protected area coverage worldwide has grown since 2016 — now covering 14.9 percent of land and 7.3 percent of oceans — but a new analysis reveals gaps in the protected area system, highlighting essential places for biodiversity and ecosystems that need further protection.

11 countries sign pact on commitment to conservation
By Ellalyn De Vera-Ruiz, Manila Bulletin, 29 November 2018
Eleven countries bordering the seas of East Asia on Thursday issued a joint declaration affirming their commitment towards the conservation and sustainable development of coastal and marine resources in the region.
The Iloilo Ministerial Declaration titled “East Asian Region Moving As One to Secure Healthy Oceans, People and Economies” was adopted by environment ministers and heads of delegation during the 6th Ministerial Forum of the East Asian Seas Congress 2018 held in Iloilo City.

It’s time to strengthen the macroecology–conservation practice interface
By Giovanni Rapacciuolo, Mongabay, 29 November 2018
Imagine being able to know how many individual organisms occur at any given time across areas as large as whole continents or even the entire globe. Though satellites may one day enable us to obtain this information directly, a sub-discipline of ecology — macroecology — currently represents the main tool to generate those estimates.

Financing conservation

$1 Billion Effort Launched to Protect 30% of the Planet by 2030
By Lorraine Chow, EcoWatch, 2 November 2018
If you follow environmental news, every day it seems like the world is getting worse. One landmark study found that animals are going extinct 1,000 times faster than their natural rate because of human influence and habitat loss.
To help fight back against these worrying trends, Swiss billionaire and conservationist Hansjörg Wyss will be donating $1 billion over the next 10 years through his Wyss Foundation.

Where a $1 Billion Pledge for the Environment is Headed So Far
By Tate Williams, Inside Philanthropy, 4 November 2018
The philanthropy of Swiss-born, Wyoming-based medical supplies billionaire Hansjörg Wyss has been interesting to watch over the years, as he’s gone from a Ted Turner-esque Western land guy to his current role as a major international land and ocean conservation donor. As he gets up there in years (he’s now 83 and worth almost $6 billion), Wyss has also been building up more of a public presence for his foundation.
Both of these trajectories made a huge advance last week, as the usually media-shy Wyss himself penned a New York Times op-ed in which he announced he would give $1 billion over the next decade, tripling the foundation’s annual giving to conservation outside the United States.

From AI to Drones, Smart Technology is Firing Up Wildlife Conservation Globally
By Kalyani Prasher, The Weather Channel India, 26 November 2018
In 2015, the company Dimension Data teamed up with CISCO to launch Connected Conservation, a programme to protect the world’s endangered wildlife population through technology. Their pilot project was at South Africa’s Kruger National Park, where poachers were a great threat to the rhino population. By 2017, rhino poaching in the sanctuary was reduced by a whopping 96% – a resounding success that has resulted in the expansion of this programme to Kenya, Zambia and Mozambique this year.

Wildlife trade

Rhinos Outside Kaziranga Under Threat As China Legalises Use of Rhino Horn for Research
By Aniruddha Ghosal, News18, 2 November 2018
China’s decision to legalise the use of rhino horn and tiger bone in medical research of traditional medicine is likely to increase “laundering”. The rhinos outside Kaziranga could particularly be at risk.
Though, the Chinese government said that illegally obtained products “would be confiscated and products in individual collections are not to be traded again”, the Indian authorities are sceptical about it.

Trump Builds Upon Obama’s Fight Against Illegal Wildlife Trafficking
By Johan Bergenas, New Security Beat, 5 November 2018
President Donald Trump has in many ways worked as President Barack Obama’s foil, rolling back legacy environmental protection regulations and questioning the merit of environmental causes. However, since taking office, his administration has also taken a hard policy line against wildlife crime, continuing and even furthering Obama’s momentum.

Trade in rhino and tiger products might well save the species
By Ivo Vegter, Daily Maverick 6 November 2018
China has declared it will permit limited trade in rhino and tiger products from farmed animals, for use in research or traditional Chinese medicine. Opponents of legal trade had a collective apoplexy, but their oft-repeated mantras are not supported by fact.
China’s decision to permit limited import, export and domestic trade in rhino and tiger products, provided they are sourced from legal farming operations and used in scientific research or Chinese traditional medicine, caused uproar among green NGOs and the environmental media.

[USA] Pending Federal Legislation Could Both Help And Hurt Elephants- Fall 2018 Update
By Shimon Shuchat, Elephant Listening Project, 6 November 2018
Multiple pieces of legislation that could have a large impact on wild elephant conservation are currently being considered in Congress. Some of them are good while others may have severe ramifications. It is vital that we keep track of these proceedings, so we can pressure our elected representatives to make decisions that benefit rather than harm these magnificent animals. Below is a summary of six federal bills that are presently being considered.

Inside the disturbing world of illegal wildlife trade
By Sion Worrall, National Geographic, 9 November 2018
A recent report by the World Wildlife Fund for Nature showed that between 1970 and 2014 the vertebrate population declined by an average of 60 percent. While this was mostly due to habitat loss, the illegal trade in wildlife—whether rhino horn, tiger bone, or animals captured for the exotic pet market—poses a growing threat to many species’ survival. But as National Geographic contributor Rachel Love Nuwer writes in her new book Poached: Inside the Dark World of Wildlife Trafficking, many brave individuals and organizations are battling to expose the criminals—and save the animals.

China, After Outcry, Reinstates Ban on Rhino and Tiger Parts in Medicine
By Javier C. Hernández, New York Times, 12 November 2018
The Chinese government, bowing to pressure from environmental groups, said on Monday that it would temporarily reinstate a ban on the use of rhinoceros horns and tiger bones in medicine.
Making a rare concession, the State Council, China’s cabinet, said that it had decided to postpone an order made last month to undo a 25-year ban on the trade.

Wildlife crime becomes more serious in Vietnam
VNA, 19 November 2018
As wildlife-related crimes are able to generate profits almost equal to those from the trafficking of drugs, firearms, and human beings, they are quickly becoming increasingly more of a threat to Vietnam, according to an official from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Vietnam.
Vietnam has been viewed as an important link in the chain of transnational illegal wildlife trade, said WCS Country Programme Director Hoang Bich Thuy.

‘Rhino Coin’: Can a Cryptocurrency Help Save Africa’s Rhinoceroses?
By Adam Welz, Yale Environment 360, 20 November 2018
In a deep underground vault somewhere in South Africa is a well-guarded collection of rhino horns, each of which has been weighed, measured, photographed, and tagged with a microchip, and had its DNA sampled, decoded, and recorded in a database. Together, the horns — legally harvested from rhinos raised on private land — weigh 108 kilograms. “In terms of an undervalued asset, it’s madness,” says Alexander Wilcocks, a director of Cornu Logistics, the company that owns the stash.

Wearing Down the Ivory Trade
By Stephanie Anne Carmody, Elephant Listening Project, 26 November 2018
Public protests against the ivory trade have flared across the United States, from Denver’s 2013 “Ivory Crush” to the more recent animal-welfare event in Central Park, 2017. The United States placed a ban on the ivory trade in 2016 and punishments for poachers have become more severe. Yet, the ivory trade is still a major global concern — and it is on the rise. This industry is lucrative, as it makes about 4 billion dollars a year and if poachers are caught, they are oftentimes only convicted for the crime at the moment; without forensics, it is very difficult to provide evidence that a poacher was involved in a string of previous trafficking incidents. However,the recent work of Samuel Wasser and his team³ ⁴ ⁵ has been a great help to elephant conservation and the wearing down of the ivory trade.

Elephants are a ‘big thing’ too, Mr Juncker!
By Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, EU Observer, 26 November 2018
Last week, the European Commission released its progress report on wildlife trafficking.
Few people will need convincing that there’s a lot of progress still to make.
The World Wildlife Fund recently estimated that the population of wild animals has decreased by 60 percent since 1970.
Ahead of this week’s Biodiversity Summit in Egypt, the UN warned that hundreds of species further face extinction if drastic action isn’t immediately forthcoming.
Seems like hardly a day goes by without some dramatic announcement.

China’s conservation image tarnished by tiger bone decision
By Debbie Banks, China Dialogue, 27 November 2018
With fewer than 4,000 wild tigers remaining across Asia and approximately 30,000 rhinos in Asia and Africa, government leaders must do everything possible to end poaching and trafficking.
There is room for considerable improvement to efforts to collaborate more effectively and disrupt the transnational criminal networks responsible for illegal trade. But the worst thing that consumer countries can do is stimulate demand by running parallel legal markets for parts and derivatives of tigers and rhinos, including from captive specimens.

Five technologies to save wildlife from traffickers
By Catherine Early, China Dialogue, 29 November 2018
A wave of high-tech surveillance devices is being developed to combat wildlife poachers and traffickers, and monitor animal populations. Drones, camera traps, smartphone apps and artificial intelligence (AI) all have a role to play. They’re especially needed because trafficking in protected species has moved online, to social media, and the dark web.

How AI Can Stop Wildlife Poaching
Forbes, 29 November 2018
A core theme of this Forbes AI issue is people—and how artificial intelligence (AI) is impacting the workforce, how companies are using the technology to attract and retain employees, and how businesses can leverage AI to build stronger, more diverse teams and organizations. Yet AI’s impact can be felt outside company walls as well.

Poaching

Drones described as ‘Guardians’ of African wildlife in new anti-poaching film
By Chreyl Kahla, The South African, 1 November 2018
Over & Above Africa, an LA-based charity, is dedicated to fighting the poaching battle on all fronts and have teamed up with Giant Films to direct and produce The Guardian. The aim of the project is to raise funds to supply drones to wildlife reserves.
The film was made by an international team of creatives led by Fackrell who is currently based in Amsterdam, with Coleman from Cape Town-based Giant Films taking the lead in the director’s chair.

Drones described as ‘Guardians’ of African wildlife in new anti-poaching film
By Cheryl Kahla, The South African, 1 November 2018
Over & Above Africa, an LA-based charity, is dedicated to fighting the poaching battle on all fronts and have teamed up with Giant Films to direct and produce The Guardian. The aim of the project is to raise funds to supply drones to wildlife reserves.
The film was made by an international team of creatives led by Fackrell who is currently based in Amsterdam, with Coleman from Cape Town-based Giant Films taking the lead in the director’s chair.
The 90-second documentary was released earlier this month and points out that “all of Africa’s animal groups are threatened by poaching,” but explained that drone surveillance could increase their chances of survival by 80%.

South African rhino poaching documentary bags 10 international awards
By Cheryl Kahla, The South African, 1 November 2018
STROOP: A Journey Into The Rhino Horn War, is the passion project of producer and presenter Bonné de Bod, and director Susan Scott to showcase the harsh reality of rhino poaching.
After its triumphant premiere in the USA – where it won the Best International Documentary at the Mystic Film Festival in Boston – STROOP began its tour through Europe, racking up awards at some of the biggest festivals in the industry.
STROOP sold out in its opening night at the Wildlife Film Festival in Rotterdam, after it was chosen out hundreds of applications to open the festival officially.

How the US war on drugs helped fight poaching and corruption in Africa
By Bryson Hull, IOL, 3 November 2018
The US Drug Enforcement Administration just brought down one of Kenya’s biggest drug organisations and at the same time struck a blow against corruption and the illegal ivory trade that is killing off African elephants.
They might look like a standard US victory in the “War on Drugs” and an example of the extremely long arm of American law enforcement. But the guilty pleas of Baktash Akasha Abdalla, 41, and his brother, Ibrahim Akasha Abdalla, 29, to drugs, weapons and obstruction of justice charges is much more than that.

Single Mothers are Saving Africa’s Endangered Wildlife
By Lynda Ulrich, Ever Widening Circles, 3 November 2018
If you picture the people—outfitted with semi-automatic weapons and military training—who are protecting the last individuals of endangered wildlife in Africa, who would they be? Would you happen to envision ranks of women, often single mothers?
Well, that’s who is turning out to be well suited for the job! And it’s a fascinating story of untapped potential that might point to possibility all over our planet.

Poaching declines in Zimbabwe
Bulawayo, 3 November 2018
There has been a marked decline in the number of elephants lost due to poaching this year owing to effective anti-poaching mechanisms.
Statistics provided by the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority (Zimparks) show that the number of elephants lost due to poaching declined from 53 in 2017 to 12 this year.
This is a positive development in as far as protecting the country’s endangered species including elephants is concerned.

Lion poaching: the brutal new threat to Africa’s prides
By Damian Carrington, The Guardian, 5 November 2018
“That’s fresh, just a few hours old,” says Kris Everatt, pointing at a clear print of a lion’s paw in the hot dust. “It’s the ghost pride.”
The print is female. A bigger male print is soon spotted, also leading towards a precious water hole, then a smaller one. “A cub, less than two years old,” he says.
The anti-poaching patrol continues its careful tracking across the parched landscape of Limpopo national park (LNP) in Mozambique. Hippos wallow nearby, crocodiles sun themselves and baboons yell alarms calls at the rangers – but the team don’t find the lions.

Another tiger killed in India after hunting controversy
AFP, 5 November 2018
Villagers in northern India stalked and killed a tiger in a nature reserve just days after the state-sanctioned shooting of another big cat caused outrage and threats of legal action.
In the latest incident, a female tiger was beaten with sticks inside a protected forest by villagers who believed the big cat had attacked a local resident.
“The tiger was killed after being attacked by irate locals,” Mahavir Kaujangli, the deputy director of Dudhwa reserve in Uttar Pradesh state, told AFP Monday.

[India] BBC expresses regret over its Kaziranga documentary where they projected poachers as victims
OpIndia, 7 November 2018
More than one and half years after it was banned from India’s national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, BBC has ‘expressed regret’ for any adverse impact caused by its documentary on Kaziranga national part that led to the ban.
In February last year, British Broadcasting Corporation had aired a documentary titled Our World: Killing for Conservation, which had severely criticised the “ruthless anti-poaching policies” adopted by guards at the Kaziranga National Park in Assam. The documentary by BBC journalist Justin Rowlatt claimed that forest guards are given powers to shoot and kill, and they have become trigger happy. The documentary tried to create an impression that poachers are actually victims of conversation efforts at the UNESCO world heritage site.

[South Africa] Community ecstatic, NGO’s disappointed as alleged poachers get bail
By Arisa Janse van Rensburg, Low Velder, 7 November 2018
Supporters of the six accused charged with criminal offences related to rhino poaching were ecstatic after they received bail at the White River Magistrate’s Court on Friday.
They waited for the accused; Petros Sidney Mabuza, Claude Lubisi, Clyde Mnisi, Joseph Nyalunga, Aretha Mhlanga and Rachel Qwebana; outside the court house and celebrated with loud music and dancing upon their release.

See How This New Smart Park in Africa Could Help Rangers Curb Poaching
By Jennifer Kite-Powell, Forbes, 7 November 2018
A Dutch company, Smart Parks, has installed its fourth and largest African smart park to date in Malawi’s Liwonde National Park in October 2018.
In just two weeks, the 548km2 size national park was equipped with gateways and sensors that gather information to help improve park management and protection. The construction of the network in the Liwonde National Park was implemented alongside a team from African Parks, a conservation NGO that manages the park on behalf of the Malawian government. The group was trained by Smart Parks for the construction of the site.

Why I am optimistic about efforts to #endwildlifecrime
By Meredith L Gore, Daily Maverick, 11 November 2018
Many people say the problem of illegal wildlife trade is impossible to resolve; I say it always seems impossible until it is done.
In October and for the fourth time since 2014, many members of the global community working to combat the illegal wildlife trade met to talk, learn about and help resolve the problem. This time the meeting was in London.

[South Africa] Rhino poacher who shot at helicopter jailed for 33 years
By Nico Gous, Times Live, 12 November 2018
A rhino poacher has been sentenced to 33 years behind bars.
SanParks spokesperson Isaac Phaahla said Patrick Nkuna was arrested in the Kruger National Park (KNP) in 2015 during an anti-poaching operation.
“Shortly before the arrest of Nkuna and his accomplices, he attempted to shoot at a SanParks helicopter involved in the follow-up operation,” said Phaahla.
Nkuna was charged with 12 counts, including four counts of attempted murder, trespassing in a national park and possession of an illegal firearm. He was sentenced in the Skukuza Regional Court on Friday.

Three suspected rhino poachers busted in Limpopo game reserve
By Beth Coetzee, The Citizen, 16 November 2018
The poachers didn’t manage to kill any rhinos in the Balule Nature Reserve and are currently behind bars.
Three suspected rhino poachers were apprehended on Balule Nature Reserve on Tuesday morning after a well-coordinated effort between numerous anti-poaching, security, aviation, and policing personnel took place through the night, reports Letaba Herald.

[Thailand] Two arrested for alleged poaching in national park
The Nation, 16 November 2018
A Myanmar man and a teenager have been arrested for allegedly poaching in a Kanchanaburi province national park.
Officials said the two were arrested inside Lam Klong Ngu National Park, Thong Pha Phum district at 3pm on Thursday. They were named as Lin, 38 and a 14-year-old boy, who live in a border village in Tambon Tha Khanoon, Thong Pha Phum.

Tanzania launches 300-man strong anti-poaching force
The Citizen, 17 November 2018
Vice President Samia Suluhu Hassan graces the inauguration of the Paramilitary Force tasked with combating of poaching and illegal trafficking of wildlife organs and products.

Survival International responds to false media reports that BBC admits wrongdoing over its exposé of tiger reserve killings
Survival International, 19 November 2018
Survival International’s Director Stephen Corry today issued a statement over reports in the Indian media that the BBC has admitted its Kaziranga shoot on sight exposé was wrong.
The head of the BBC’s Natural History Unit, Dr Julian Hector, earlier wrote to the Indian National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) expressing regret for the ‘impact’ of the BBC News report, which exposed dozens of extrajudicial killings in Kaziranga National Park.
Mr Corry said today: “Contrary to reports in the Indian media, Dr Hector has not cast any doubt whatsoever on the accuracy or truthfulness of the original 2017 BBC investigation.

Odisha tiger died of septicemia, not poaching
By Ashutosh Mishra, The Telegraph India, 20 November 2018
Satkosia tiger Mahaveer had died of multiple organ failure resulting from septicemia caused by the maggot-infested wound in its neck, post-mortem report has revealed.
Satkosia field director Sudarsan Panda said: “The ante mortem wound in the neck region infested with maggots and subsequent infection led to septicemia resulting in multiple organ failure.”

[Bangladesh] Pirates are killing Bengal tigers
By Peter Schwartzstein, National Geographic, 21 November 2018
When Rafikul Mali became a pirate in the Sundarbans, he knew he was in for a rough and uncomfortable ride. He’d braced himself for repeated run-ins with fist-size spiders and some of the two-dozen species of snakes that slither through the mangrove forests skirting much of Bangladesh’s coast and extending into India. He’d even prepped for a relentless cat-and-mouse game with security forces, who have often tried—and just as often failed—to dislodge pirate gangs from their jungle redoubts.

C. Africa’s forest rangers in rebels’ line of fire
By Charles Bouessel, AFP, 21 November 2018
The forest rangers of Central Africa’s Bamingui Bangoran park cannot focus only on saving the region’s dwindling wildlife: they have themselves to protect too.
Often armed with little more than Kalashnikov assault rifles, these men must contend with rebel groups who can be far better equipped.
Added to their woes are poachers who prey on the wildlife they seek to protect.

[South Africa] Why many poachers get away with it, and a crisis at hand
By Amanda Watson, The Citizen, 21 November 2018
The environmental criminal justice system desperately needs more capacity, the environmental affairs department says.
Lack of capacity is hamstringing the environmental criminal justice system and, if not addressed, the cracks in the system could lead to complete collapse despite South Africa arguably having some of the best environmental laws in the world.
The problem, then, is not the law, but rather how it’s translated and appreciated and then applied to cases at hand.

[Thailand] Forestry official receives international commendation for ‘black leopard’ poaching case
The Nation, 23 November 2018
A Thai forestry official has won a prestigious award from international organisations for his role in the “black leopard” poaching case.
Wichien Chinnawong, who is famous in Thailand for arresting well-known billionaire Premchai Karnasuta for alleged poaching at a wildlife sanctuary early this year, has received a special commendation from the United Nations, USAID, Interpol, and the Freeland Foundation. The organisations have honoured nine institutions and individuals across Asia this week for outstanding work in preventing transboundary environmental crime at an annual award ceremony in Bangkok. The recipients of the honour came from Thailand, China, India, South Korea, Malaysia, Nepal and Vietnam.

Protecting Botswana’s elephants isn’t a numbers game
By Richard Chelin, Institute for Security Studies, 26 November 2018
In September this year, Elephants Without Borders (EWB) director Dr Mike Chase released a statement about the discovery of 87 elephant carcasses during Botswana’s quadrennial census. Forty-eight dead elephants were reportedly found in one day. The case went viral, with journalists, analysts and politicians weighing in to discuss its impact.

Thai billionaire accused of poaching endangered panther goes on trial
By Reva Ganesan, Newshub, 28 November 2018
The trial of a Thai billionaire who was accused of poaching an endangered black panther has begun after a series of delays.
Premchai Karnasuta, president of one of Thailand’s biggest construction companies, appeared at the Kanchanaburi Provincial Court on Tuesday for the first hearing of his case.
The 64-year-old was arrested in February after forest rangers found him and three other employees setting up a camp at the Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary.

Indian man gets 7-year jail for rhino poaching
By Ramesh Kumar Paudel, Kathmandu Post, 30 November 2018
The Chitwan District Court has slapped seven years jail sentence to an Indian national after he was convicted of poaching a rhino in Chitwan National Park (CNP).
The single bench of Judge Rajendra Adhikari on Tuesday handed down the verdict against 40-year-old Chhathu Mahato, a resident of West Champaran district of Indian state of Bihar. The court also slapped Rs 500,000 fine to Rama Mahato of Maid for aiding and abetting in the crime.

This is how you do it: 4 elephant poachers convicted in Congo
By Melissa Breyer, Tree Hugger, 30 November 2018
An increase in maximum sentences for wildlife crimes are being delivered by the Republic of Congo – here’s how one gang’s arrest and conviction went down.
During the past 10 years, central Africa’s forest elephants have fallen victim to a devastating wave of ivory poaching, unlike any seen in the region before. Gangs of poachers have become more organized and more aggressive. It’s gotten to the point that once rarely occurring, this year alone has seen six exchanges of gunfire between heavily armed poachers and park rangers at Congo’s Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park.

Militarisation of conservation

Tourism

Big game hunting

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