Conservation in the news: 31 October – 6 November 2016

Conservation Watch’s round-up of the week’s news on national parks, protected areas and conservation in the Global South.

For regular updates, follow @conserwatch on Twitter.

31 October 2016

The Ivory Game review – timely account of elephants’ death throes
By Peter Bradshaw, The Guardian, 31 October 2016
It is obviously more than a game and this documentary directed by Kief Davidson and Richard Ladkani – and exec-produced by Leonardo DiCaprio – showing on Netflix, brings a new urgency to an old subject: the ivory trade, which is threatening the world’s elephants. This threat has not been cancelled or brought under control, as I had assumed. The film persuasively argues that it is all but out of control: so much so that elephants are in danger of being wiped out in the wild in just a matter of years. One of the biggest mammals on Earth might vanish. And the market forces driving the trade stem from just one country: China, where there is a huge appetite for luxury goods made of ivory. Well-organised criminal gangs poach the elephants, and get the ivory in container ships to China via south east Asia: the Vietnamese connection.

Brazzaville-issued mining permits dip into Congo’s flagship park
By John C. Cannon,, 31 October 2016
The boundaries of Odzala-Kokoua National Park contain some of the best-preserved old-growth rainforest in the Republic of Congo. Its terrain varies from hills rising to 350 meters (1,148 feet) to dense low-lying jungles to more than a hundred bais or clearings in the forest – popular hangouts for wildlife.
But a rash of recent mining permits allow concessions that bleed into the park’s territory. And they have some questioning the government’s commitment to protecting the ecosystems and wildlife within its borders.
Odzala-Kokoua was originally protected in 1935 and reached full national park status in a decree by President Denis Sassou Nguesso in 2001. Bigger than the US state of Connecticut or about half the size of Rwanda, the park is a vast 1.36-million hectares (about 5,250 square miles). It serves as a refuge for threatened animals such as forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis), sitawestern (Tragelaphus spekii), lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).

[Dominican Republic] As eviction clock ticks, farmers stay put in protected highlands
Dominican Today, 31 October 2016
Dozens of villages and country villas continue perched atop a prodigious farming area despite the Environment Ministry’s announced eviction within 120 days one month ago.
Thus far none of the farmers has descended from the vast protected area, one of the country’s main sources of water for production and to irrigate vast tracts of farmlands.
Located 20 mountainous kilometers south of Constanza within the Juan Bautista Perez Rancier National Park, Valle Nuevo boasts plantations of potatoes, onions, carrots, cabbage and other products usually harvested in temperate climates.

[India] Kerala’s forest conservation, a role model: KFRI chief
By K.A. Shaji, The Hindu, 31 October 2016
The community-based conservation initiative undertaken by the State Forest Department especially in Parambikulam and Periyar tiger reserves, with the active involvement tribespeople, has become a model to replicate at the national level, said B.S. Corrie, the newly appointed director of the Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI), in an interaction with The Hindu .
Forest officials and experts from Karnataka, Sikkim, Rajasthan, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura, who attended a national-level consultation in New Delhi last week, have termed the initiatives worthy and unique and expressed their readiness to implement them in their areas by making moderate changes depending on the ground reality.

[Indonesia] North Sumatra’s governor wants to build a road through Mt. Leuser National Park
By Ayat S. Karokaro,, 31 October 2016
No roads shall pass through Mount Leuser National Park.
So said the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry in response to just such a proposal from the governor of North Sumatra province.
The national park is at the heart of the Leuser Ecosystem, one of Southeast Asia’s last great swaths of intact rainforest. It’s the only place in the world where rhinos, tigers, elephants and orangutans still coexist in the wild.
It’s also being eyed for development. In September, the ministry official in charge of national parks told Mongabay he had rejected a proposal from the government of Aceh province to rezone part of the Mount Leuser area for geothermal development. The park straddles the Aceh-North Sumatra border.
The proposed road would link Karo and Langkat districts. North Sumatra Governor Tengku Erry Nuradi said he intended to refile the request.
“Maybe there are special conditions that can be met, like if the road is put in a place that doesn’t disturb the animals’ habitat,” he told Mongabay.

[Malaysia] Sarawak is an ‘Example for Responsible Conservationism,’ says Princess Anne
Clean Malaysia, 31 October 2016
Sarawak’s government has set a good example for responsible conservation efforts. So says Britain’s Princess Anne, who spent two days on an official visit in the Malaysian state renowned worldwide for its stunning biodiversity. Those efforts, Queen Elizabeth II’s daughter added, could serve as a model for similar initiatives aimed at protecting natural environments (or what’s left of them) elsewhere.
In response to these compliments, Sarawak’s chief minister, Adenan Satem, stressed that his administration would do its most to ensure local forests and natural habitats are protected against further encroachments. “We want to keep Sarawak’s natural beauty pristine. We will continue our fight against illegal logging,” Adenan insisted. “There will be no more new plantations. We will create more national parks to save the orangutans,” he went on.
“If you don’t protect the environment, the environment will not take care of you,” he concluded. “In fact, it will mess things up. So let us be united in doing this.” Such strong words should be music to the ears of local conservationists – especially, if they will be followed up with equally strong actions.

Uganda: Implement Local Environment Protection, Conservation Policies
By Dr Odong Otara, The Monitor, 31 October 2016
The majority of rural poor in most districts of Uganda depend on fields and forests ecosystems for their livelihoods.
These natural resources base provide the building blocks of a pro-poor growth strategy that begins the process of wealth creation by boosting production beyond subsistence into national economies.
However, the same poor who depend on these resources for their fragile existence lack capacity to participate in this economic growth and share its benefits because they have little control over the resource base and cannot exercise full stewardship.

[Zimbabwe] Cecil the Lion’s brother is found dead under a bush in the same safari park where he was shot dead by a trophy-hunting dentist
By Jane Flanagan, Daily Mail, 31 October 2016
The brother of Cecil the Lion – shot as a trophy by an American dentist prompting international outrage – has been found dead under a bush in the safari park where last year’s controversial hunt took place.
Jericho is thought to have died of natural causes in Zimbabwe’s Hwange National Park following reports that he was looking frail.
A postmortem will be carried on the cat whose death today prompted a massive outpouring of grief by the online community – notably since Cecil’s death last June.

1 November 2016

We’ve lost 60 per cent of wild animals since 1970—and it could get worse
By Mike Barrett (WWF-UK), Prospect, 1 November 2016
This week the World Wildlife Fund and the Zoological Society of London published the world’s most comprehensive survey to date of the health of our planet. The news is not good: on average, global populations of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles have declined by 58 per cent since 1970, with the decline projected to reach a scarcely-believable 67 per cent by the end of this decade.
The “Living Planet Report” provides conclusive evidence that human activities including deforestation, pollution, overfishing and the illegal wildlife trade, coupled with climate change, are pushing species populations to the edge as people overpower the planet. For the first time since the demise of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, we could face a global mass extinction of wildlife and are entering a new, man-man geological epoch—the Anthropocene.

ZSL honors WCS’s Dr. John Robinson with its Lifetime Achievement Award
WCS press release, 1 November 2016
The ZSL (Zoological Society of London) Awards Committee has presented the ZSL Lifetime Achievement Award to Dr. John Robinson, Executive Vice President of Conservation and Science at the Wildlife Conservation Society.
The ZSL Lifetime Achievement Award is presented to an individual who has made exceptional, long-term contributions to the conservation of wildlife and habitats.
Dr. Robinson, a primatologist, received the award today at the ZSL London Zoo.

Elephant poaching costs African economies $25 million per year in lost tourism revenue, 1 November 2016
The current elephant poaching crisis costs African countries around USD $25 million annually in lost tourism revenue, according to a new study published in the journal Nature Communications.
Comparing this lost revenue with the cost of halting declines in elephant populations due to poaching, the study determines that investment in elephant conservation is economically favorable across the majority of African elephants’ range.
The research, undertaken by scientists from World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the University of Vermont, and the University of Cambridge, represents the first continent-wide assessment of the economic losses that the current elephant poaching surge is inflicting on nature-based tourism economies in Africa.

[India] WWF sets up camera traps to study elephants
Times of India, 1 November 2016
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) along with the Coimbatore forest department has installed 48 camera traps in Kallar and Walayar regions to study the movement pattern of elephants.
The traps also help enumerate the population of male elephants and thereby take steps to improve their numbers. An individual photo profile of each elephant will also be created.
Landscape coordinator of WWF D Boominathan said these camera traps were installed three months ago. “We have captured several photographs of elephants. So far, 23 cameras have been set up at Kallar and 25 at Walayar forest areas. We have spotted more than 21 elephants and several herds passing through these locations,” said Boominathan.

[India] Tiger skin recovered, four arrested in Assam’s Manas National Park
By Naresh Mitra, Times of India, 1 November 2016
Manas National Park authority and police recovered a tiger skin and arrested three persons on Tuesday in connection with poisoning of a big cat last week.
The recovery was made from Betbari, an encroached area under Bhuyapara range of the park.
The forest and police team got the tip-off of the tiger skin following the arrest of one NDFB surrendered militant Bulagra Basumatary on Sunday.

Siberian Tiger Habitat at Center of Lawsuit Against Government
Sixth Tone, 1 November 2016
Failure to protect a nature reserve for the endangered and elusive Siberian tiger has led to public prosecutors suing a government department in China’s remote northeast.
The lawsuit revolves around an allegedly illegal granite mine operating in the forests near Hunchun, a city in Jilin province. The procuratorate argues the mine causes habitat loss for the tiger population.
The city’s procuratorate sued the city’s land and resources bureau — the body responsible for mining operations — on Friday. Authorities publicized the case on Tuesday.

2 November 2016

Why saving African elephants makes economic sense
By Amy Middleton, Cosmos, 2 November 2016
If elephants die out, Africa can wave goodbye to US$25 million from tourism each year, economic modelling published today shows.
Robin Naidoo from the World Wildlife Fund in Washington DC and colleagues used an established financial model to analyse the contribution of elephants to tourism in 216 protected areas across the continent. Writing in Nature Communications, economic gains from ecotourism could offset anti-poaching costs, making protection of endangered wildlife a viable economic strategy.
Elephant numbers are in severe decline across Africa, dropping up 30% between 2007 to 2014, with poachers slaughtering the beasts for their ivory tusks.
Two methods of conservation – offering incentives for local communities to act as elephant stewards, and strengthening the ability of frontline conservationists to prevent elephant poaching – would involve significant input from African governments. From an economic perspective, is that outlay worth it?
Naidoo and his team found that yes, it is.

Conservationist’s Plan Balanced Wildlife, Human Interests
By Gary Strauss, National Geographic, 2 November 2016
Most of us hope to leave some kind of legacy after we’re gone. Few leave one as impactful as José Márcio Ayres, who died of cancer in 2003.
As senior conservation zoologist for the Wildlife Conservation Society, Ayres was responsible for more 350 conservation projects in 53 countries. None were bigger than the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve and the Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve, the massive, protected wildlife zones that Ayres helped to create in his native Brazil in the 1990s.

[Cambodia] Rhinoceros horns seized at Phnom Penh airport
By Cristina Maza and Meas Sokchea, Phnom Penh Post, 2 November 2016
Cambodian customs and Forestry Administration officials seized over 30 kilograms of rhinoceros horn at Phnom Penh International Airport yesterday, forestry officials said.
The horns were being transported by Chinese national Lian Jianying, and are suspected to have been smuggled from Africa.
“We cooperated with customs at the airport, and now we took her [the suspect] to the military police headquarters so that we can send her to court,” Chan Thetha Narak, chief of Phnom Penh’s municipal Forestry Administration, said yesterday.
The rhino horns were confiscated and brought to the municipal Forestry Administration, he added.
Responding to the incident, World Wildlife Fund for Nature’s Un Chakrey said it was uncommon to see rhinoceros horns smuggled in Cambodia. “We focus on cross-border smuggling, but usually it is elephant [ivory] across the border with Vietnam,” Chakrey said. “There is no rhinoceros in Cambodia, so it’s not so common.”

[India] U’khand showed the way to world for forest conservation: Paul
Business Standard, 2 November 2016
Uttarakhand has the distinction of being home to the unique ‘Chipko Movement’ that showed the world the way to protect forests, Governor K K Paul said today.
Speaking during a three-day sensitisation programme on forests and environmental issues, he said the relevance of the movement, which had an inspirational message, has only increased with time.
The sensitisation programme is a significant effort towards focusing on the increasing need to maintain a balance between environment and development, Paul said.

WWF raises alarm on Kenya’s declining wildlife population
Xinhua, 2 November 2016
The conservation director of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Jared Bosire on Wednesday raised alarm on declining wildlife population in Kenya.
Bosire told a media briefing in Nairobi that Kenya’s wildlife population was decreasing at a faster rate compared to that of global decline.
“We are appealing to government to put in place mechanisms to reverse the decline of wildlife population given its importance to ecosystems,” Bosire said during the launch of the WWF Living Planet report in Kenya.
According to the report, global stock of wildlife could reduce by 67 percent between 1970 and 2020.

Rethink ways of managing water in Kenya
By Patrick Mbataru, Standard Digital, 2 November 2016
The controversy over the Northern Collector Tunnel project in Murang’a could have been avoided had there been a strong water management policy and clear information made available. The current trend is creating water funds. This strategy is to involve private companies to work with communities in the management of water systems upstream. Why has the Murang’a tunnel project come unstuck? The pertinent questions are: Were the riparian communities adequately informed about it? Were the Project Affected People (PAP) meetings conducted and the communities prepared for the impacts? These are pertinent questions because documents in the internet say the project was conceptualised way back in the 1990s. It is also part of Vision 2030, the Tana and Lake Basin initiatives pillar. A water fund would have avoided such controversy. According to The Nature Conservancy (TNC), a charitable group that runs several water funds around the world, they are strategies of attracting finances from large water users such as irrigation boards or hydroelectric companies ‘to pay for services that nature provides to humans…’ Any organisation with interest in the ecology such as WWF and CGIAR can be roped in. These have a long experience in funding community programmes.

Laos bolsters efforts to stop illegal wildlife trade
Famagusta Gazette, 2 November 2016
Laos is stepping up its efforts to end illegal wildlife trade after the signing of Cooperative Action to Stop Illegal Wildlife Trade project.
The agreement was signed by Khamphout Phandanouvong, director general of the Department of Forest Inspection under Lao Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and Christopher Holmes, director of Conservation Initiatives for the Mekong Region in the Lao capital, local media reported Thursday.
The five-year project costs over 830,000 U.S. dollars and will be implemented in the provinces of Vientiane, Bolikhamxay, Khammuanne, Savannakhet and Champasak.
According to a recent report from the Department of Forest Inspection, wildlife is traded illegally for various reasons, including human consumption, keeping as pets, used as ingredients in traditional medicine, and releasing during festivals.

3 November 2016

How effective are tropical forest conservation policies?, 3 November 2016
Numerous types of forest conservation policies are being implemented in the tropics today. Alongside traditional instruments like protected areas, incentives like integrated conservation and development programs, certification schemes, and payments for environmental services (PES) are also being carried out.
Yet rigorously quantified knowledge about what works and what does not work remains highly fragmented, especially for incentive-based tools.
A recent study attempts to change that. Scientists compiled new evidence and insights from 13 evaluation studies of forest conservation initiatives covering eight countries across four continents. Considering how scarce the current evidence base is, the new research provides innovative food for thought.

Botswana: Dikgosi Talk Conservation
By Olekantse Sennamose, Daily Star, 3 November 2016
On the last Sunday of October this year, the resort town of Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe saw an influx of foreign nationals on its soils.
Not that the town is not used to so many people, but only that this time the congestion came a little too early; almost two months before the peak season of December.
This time the gathering was a bit different.
Five member states that compose the Kavango-Zambezi Trans-Frontier Conservation Area (KAZA-TFCA) had gathered to reflect on the objectives of the multi-national group, and to reflect forward on ways in which man and animals can live together symbiotically, conserving natural resources at the same time.

[DRC] After A Long Demise Due To Poaching, Virunga’s Hippos Climbing Back
WCS press release, 3 November 2016
Recent surveys for hippos in Virunga National Park—the oldest protected area in Africa—have found that the beleaguered behemoths are finally recovering from decades of poaching and habitat loss in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, according to researchers from the Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature (ICCN) and WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) who conducted the research.
The published research titled “Conservation of the common hippopotamus in Virunga National Park, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo” appears in the most recent addition of Suiform Soundings, a newsletter published by the IUCN’s Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group. The authors of the study are: Deo Kujirakwinja, P. Shamavu, Andrew Plumptre, and E. Muhindo of WCS; and J.D. Wathaut and E. de Merode of the ICCN (Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature).

[Fiji] Districts set targets
By Kelera Serelini-Varawa (WCS), Fiji Times, 3 November 2016
For three years, communities in Bua have been working tirelessly to establish their very own natural resource management plans that would guide them on how to work together and ensure that their resources deliver the maximum benefits to their communities.
This year, hard work paid off for the five districts of Vuya, Lekutu, Nadi, Navakasiga and Solevu after they launched their resource management plan or ecosystem-based management (EBM) plan.

[Kenya] SGR will cause ‘irreparable damage’ to Nairobi National Park – experts
By Ramadhan Rajab, The Star, 3 November 2016
The SGR line through the Nairobi National Park will cause irreparable damage, environmental and social impact assessment experts have warned.
John Musingi from University of Nairobi said proposals to have the line cut across the park will cause habitat fragmentation, resulting in inbreeding and imbalances in the ecosystem.
This may lead to wildlife death.
Musingi was speaking on Thursday at a stakeholder’s meeting to analyse the ESIA study done last month.
The public has until mid-November to submit their views on the document to pave way for issuance of the license for SGR Phase IIA.

Nations come together to save Kenya’s disappearing coastal forests
By Sophie Mbugua,, 3 November 2016
Dense green foliage flanks the dusty, heavily potholed road in Witu Forest, a protected area on the Kenyan coast about 75 kilometers from the city of Lamu. Comprising native shrubs, grasses, and trees, the area has so far escaped the massive deforestation that has befallen much of northern Kenya’s coastal forests lining the country’s portion of the Horn of Africa. Nearby, patches of cleared and burned land await conversion to agricultural land and new settlements – a common theme in this part of East Africa. This area is part of a coastal forest belt near the Kenya-Somalia border is part of the Eastern Africa Coastal Forests ecoregion that stretches from southern Somalia through Kenya and Tanzania and most of Mozambique’s coast, ending at the Limpopo River. According to the Kenya Forest Service (KFS), the Kenyan portion covers an area of over 120,000 hectares, with mangroves comprising around 20,000 hectares.

4 November 2016

Report: Planet earth strained by rising population
By Peter Muiruri, Standard Digital, 4 November 2016
A report released early this week indicates that planet earth may be running on borrowed time. According to a report released by the World Wildlife Fund for nature (WWF-Kenya), the rate at which people are exploiting the planet is so high that we now need an extra earth to sustain our insatiable appetite for food, water and other resources. The Living Planet Report 2016 states we need an equivalent of 1.6 Earth’s to provide the natural resources that humanity consumes in one year. According to the report, the human population has grown so dramatically that it is now rapidly eroding the environment and natural resources such as air, water, wildlife and soil, faster than mother earth can replenish them.

Prince Charles: I worry deeply that the planet is facing mass extinction
By Sarah Knapton, The Telegraph, 4 November 2016
The Prince of Wales said he was “deeply worried” about the planet he would leave behind for Princes William and Harry as he spoke of the “depressing trajectory” of wildlife loss on Earth.
Introducing a WWF lecture at the Royal Society, the Prince said he was alarmed to realise that the world was on the brink of a sixth mass extinction and was entering a new geological age because of the actions of humans.
The Prince of Wales, who is president of WWF-UK said: “As a father and grandfather I worry deeply about the world we are leaving behind for our successors. We are rapidly destroying our means of survival.
“Clearly we are not living within the environmental limits of our plants. Populations of vertebrate species have declined by more than half from 1970. We are on a deeply depressing trajectory to witness the sixth global mass extinction in our planet.

Nat Geo Follows ‘Before the Flood’ Doc with Campaign to Raise $100K for Wildlife Conservation
Sustainable Brands, 4 November 2016
With over 8.7 million views on YouTube already, Leonardo DiCaprio’s documentary film Before the Flood is already making waves. To accompany the film’s release, 21st Century Fox and National Geographic have launched a new social media campaign to drive support for the conservation of endangered wildlife and ecosystems.
In an unprecedented number of digital releases, National Geographic has made the film available to stream for free until November 6 on, YouTube, Hulu, Facebook, Amazon, GooglePlay, iTunes, and more to help spread its message. The social media campaign is intended to further engage viewers.
For every use of the hashtag #BeforeTheFlood across Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, as well as the Before the Flood custom Snapchat filter from October 24 to November 18, 21CF and National Geographic will together donate $1 to Pristine Seas and $1 to the Wildlife Conservation Society for a total of up to $100,000 ($50,000 to each organization).

[India] Global conservation team visits Odisha’s Bhitarkanika park
The Hindu, 4 November 2016
A two-member technical evaluation mission team of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), deputed by UNESCO, visited the Bhitarkanika National Park on Friday.
The visit is to perform field assessment of the unique mangrove ecosystem of the park, which figured on the tentative list of future heritage sites of UNESCO in 2009 and made its way to the final list in 2014. The national park presently figures in the listed of protected wetlands under the Ramsar Convention.
The Odisha government had submitted a dossier, compiled by Dehradun-based Wildlife Institute of India, recommending to UNESCO that the park be declared a World Heritage Site.
In 1984, UNESCO had declared the Sun Temple at Konark in Odisha as a World Heritage Site.

5 November 2016

[Bangladesh] 18 more tiger sanctuaries to be established in Sundarbans
Business News 24BD, 5 November 2016
With a view to save and spread tigers, 18 more sanctuaries will be established in the Sundarbans. This proclamation will be declared within few days, forest department sources said.
Md. Jahiruddin Ahmed, conservator of Forest (CF) of Khulna region ascertained the matter recently.
Forest division sources said, At present only four tiger sanctuaries are available in the Sundarbans which are not sufficient at all. Due to natural disasters and disturbances created by human being, bio-diversity of the Sundarbans are facing threat. Tigers and other species are decreasing from the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove and world heritage site, declared by the United Nations (UN).

[Malawi] Man arrested for killing elephant
By Martha Chikoti, Malawi24, 5 November 2016
Police in Machinga have arrested a 31 year-old man for killing an elephant at Liwonde National Park in the district.
Machinga police spokesperson Davie Sulumba identified the suspect as Elifa Makhwele from Liwonde village.
“It is true that we are keeping in custody Elifa Makhwele aged 31 for killing a male elephant at Liwonde National Park” he said.
According to Sulumba, Makhwele together with his two friends who are at large went to the protected area and killed the elephant.
Park workers did not manage to catch the poachers but they recognised the suspect and reported the matter to police.

6 November 2016

Some of the world’s strangest species could vanish before they’re discovered
By Bill Laurence, The Conversation, 6 November 2016
Scientists have described around 1.5 million species on Earth – but how many are still out there to be discovered? This is one of the most heated debates in biology. Discounting microbes, plausible estimates range from about half a million to more than 50 million species of unknown animals, plants and fungi.
This biodiversity matters because it could be used to fight human diseases, produce new crops, and offer innovations to help solve the world’s problems.
Why is there so much uncertainty in the numbers? The biggest reason, I argue, is that a lot of biodiversity is surprisingly hard to find or identify. This has profound implications for nature conservation and for our understanding of life on Earth.

[India] Sunderbans home to at least 85 tigers
By Krishnendu Mukherjee, Times of India, 6 November 2016
The number of big cats in the Indian Sunderbans is healthy and rising. A recent camera-trap exercise has spotted at least 9 more tigers over last year’s figures in the entire mangroves, including the tiger reserve area and the South 24-Parganas forest division.
The assessment exercise by the MoEF and Wildlife Institute of India (WII) had in 2015 put the total tiger count in the Sunderbans at 76. This year, state foresters have put the number at more than 85 on the basis of camera-trap images, but claim the number could be more since it is not possible to photograph all the big cats using camera traps.
This development, along with the recent sightings of otters, indicate a revival of health of the Sunderbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest spanning two countries.

[UK] Wildlife campaigners plead with Andy Murray to split with clothing sponsor over animal hunting connections
By Craig McDonald, Daily Record, 6 November 2016
Andy Murray has been urged to quit the US sportswear giants who supply his gear over an animal hunting row.
The new world tennis No1 is halfway through a four-year kit deal with Under Armour, believed to be worth around £15million.
But the firm have become embroiled in controversy due to a range for hunting fans to use on kills.
They sell camouflage gear including a Big Game range, which they say is built for “running and gunning across the harshest terrain”.
The official Twitter page of Under Armour Hunt, who have more than 60,000 ­followers, features ­hunters wearing their products and posing for pictures with prey they have killed.
Campaigners believe Andy, a huge animal lover, would be horrified if he knew the extent of his sponsor’s link to hunting.

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